Surgery is often the best option as most spinal tumors resist radiation and chemotherapy. If the spinal tumor are too large, treatment aims to avoid tumor growth that will inevitably press on spinal nerves and lead to paralysis. Usually spinal surgeons don’t make treatment decision alone. They work as a multidisciplinary team together with Medical and Radiation oncologists, Urologists etc.
While surgery is the first option for benign and malignant primary spinal cord tumors. Most modern and technologically advanced surgical tools like Brain SuiteIntra Operative MRI guided Robotic and Laser Surgery have significantly improved the outcomes.
For metastatic tumors with spinal cord compression, some neurosurgeons may perform surgery in selected patients to relieve pressure and pain, reconstruct or stabilize the spine, preserve mobility and bowel and bladder function, and to maximize quality of life.
Some spinal tumors can be removed by surgery. If the entire tumor cannot be removed, radiation therapy may be given after surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.
Most patients with primary spinal cord tumors will not require radiation therapy. Radiation, however, is used to treat spinal cord compression due to metastatic cancer or cancer that has spread from other locations.
Radiation therapy may be given alone or after surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.
Tumor is abnormal mass of rapidly growing cells without any physiological function. That means it does not perform any function for the body but derives its nutrition from the body.
It can occur anywhere in the body. The cause is unknown. Those tumors that are found in and around the spinal cord are known as spinal tumors.
They may be primary tumors whose cells of origin is the spinal tissue, or they may be secondary tumors which have spread (metastasize) via blood stream from some other focus in the body.
The Spinal cord is covered by a layer of protective tissue called as meninges. The entire spinal cord is encased within the vertebral column.
The Spinal Tumor are of Three Types Depending On Their Location:
Tumors are also classified as benign and malignant. Tumors that are confined to a particular area in the body are known as benign tumors. Those tumors that spread rapidly to various parts of the body are known as malignant tumor. A tumor can initially start as a benign one and can convert to a malignant one in a few cases.
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