Cervical Discectomy is a popular procedure for effective treatment of neck problems due to disc herniation or disc bulge. Prolapse of intervertebral disc causes compression of spinal nerves and spinal cord in the neck region, resulting in radiating pain numbness and tingling along one or both arms. Cervical Discectomy removes the offending disc fragments or the whole disc thus relieving cord or nerve compression and restoring them to their original shape and size.
The Cervical segment of the human spine consists of 7 cervical vertebrae separated by soft intervertebral discs. These discs provide shock absorption and facilitate neck movements. With age these discs lose their water content due to wear and tear and disintegrate, reducing the intervertebral height.
The vertebral body also undergoes degeneration and bony spurs are formed on the under surface of vertebral body along with thickening of facet joints. These disc fragments and osteophytes encroach into the foramen (passage of exiting nerve roots) compressing the nerve roots resulting in pain.
Surgery for Cervical Discectomy While surgery is the first option for benign and malignant primary spinal cord tumors. Most modern and technologically advanced surgical tools like Brain Suite Intra Operative MRI guided Robotic and Laser Surgery have significantly improved the outcomes.
The Anterior Approach is more popular with the surgeons as the access to disc is very easy with little muscle tissue on the way and complete disc removal is possible with no recurrence of disc herniation. This approach also provides a good exposure to all cervical vertebrae from C2 to cervicothoracic junction. The limited amount of muscle division or dissection helps to limit postoperative pain following the spine surgery. The main postoperative problem most patients face is difficulty swallowing for 2-5 days due to retraction of the esophagus.
Posterior Approach is slightly complicated as too many tissues have to be traversed to reach the disc. There are chances of injury to spinal cord and nerve roots while accessing the disc. Also since complete removal of disc is not possible, re-herniation can occur. But the positive aspect of this approach is that spinal fusion is not required so natural spine movement is preserved.
The patients report an immediate relief in their symptoms after the surgery. The patient is allowed to go home in 1-2 days and allowed to begin gradually with his normal activities. Vigorous neck movements should be avoided to allow proper healing of the graft.
The physical therapist will advise on how to perform various activities without straining the neck. Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises for neck muscles are progressed gradually and general body endurance program is initiated.
Cervical Discectomy is the most affordable at our hospitals in India. Indicative Costs of various treatment steps is given below
Last Year I was unable to walk without assistance and had minimal function of my hands. Six months earlier I began experiencing cramping in my legs. As my symptoms worsened, I saw several specialists and had an MRI and CT scan of my lumbar spine.
The MRI of the cervical spine showed severe spinal cord compression at levels C4 through C7 which resulted in a condition called myelopathy, the cause of my symptoms. The spine surgeon met me and explained in detail what was causing my symptoms and the type of surgery necessary to take pressure off the spinal cord.
Today I can cook simple meals. I can go for morning walk again and take short shopping trips. I’ve had a complete turnaround in my quality of life since the spine surgery in India. Thank you everyone at SafeMedTrip.com.Refer a Patient
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