Advanced Cardiac Treatments – Interventional Cardiology performed by Top Heart Specialists from leading hospitals in India
Benefits of Interventional Cardiology
Benefits of Interventional Cardiology
Some of the advantages of minimally invasive interventional cardiology are decreased pain, less risk of infection, avoidance of large scars and shorter postoperative recovery times. In many instances, patients are awake during the procedure, requiring only a local anaesthetic. Additionally, many procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to go home within hours of the procedure.
A majority of interventional cardiology procedures are performed in the cardiovascular (heart, veins and arteries) system. Most interventional cardiology procedures are considered to be minimally invasive because they do not require an instrument to enter the body or large incisions — most incisions are approximately 1 inch. These procedures usually involve the insertion of a catheter (hollow tube) into the femoral artery in the upper thigh. The catheter is guided toward the heart or vascular area through the use of real-time X-ray.Post a Query
Advanced Interventional Cardiology Procedures for Treatment of Heart Diseases
• Balloon Angioplasty – Balloon Angioplasty is a procedure in which a narrowed heart valve is stretched open in a way that does not require open heart surgery.It is a procedure in which a thin tube (catheter) that has a small deflated balloon at the tip is inserted through the skin in the groin area into a blood vessel, and then is threaded up to the opening of the narrowed heart valve. The balloon is inflated, which stretches the valve open. This procedure cures many valve obstructions. It is also called balloon enlargement of a narrowed heart valve.
• Stents – Approximately 70% of angioplasty procedures also involve stenting, which is the insertion of a small metal cylinder called a stent into a blood vessel. In this procedure, a collapsed stent is placed over the balloon at the tip of the catheter. When the balloon inflates, the stent pops open and reinforces the artery walls. The balloon and catheter are then withdrawn and the stent inside permanently. In a few weeks, tissue from the artery lining grows over the stent.There are two types of stents. Bare-metal stents are plain, untreated metal cylinders. Drug-eluting stents (also called drug-coated stents) are coated with medication before they are placed in the artery.
• Rotablation (Percutaneous Transluminal Rotational Atherectomy or PTRA) – A special catheter, with an acorn-shaped, diamond-coated tip, is guided to the point of narrowing in the coronary artery. The tip spins around at a high speed and grinds away the plaque on the arterial walls. This process is repeated as needed to treat the blockage and improve blood flow. The microscopic particles are washed safely away in your blood stream and filtered out by your liver and spleen.
• Drug-Eluting Stents – A drug-eluting stent (DES) is a coronary stent (a scaffold) placed into narrowed, diseased coronary artery. It slowly releases a drug to block cell proliferation. This prevents fibrosis that, together with clots (thrombus), could otherwise block the stented artery, a process called restenosis. The stent is usually placed within the coronary artery by an Interventional cardiologist during an angioplasty procedure.
Heart patients to benefit from dissolvable stent introduced for treatment of coronary artery disease at SafeMedTrip.com affiliated world class hospital in India.
Doctors at SafeMedTrip.com affiliated Hospitals are now performing angioplasty using a revolutionary device, which is made of dissolvable material and is a natural substitute for the metallic stent that is currently used to prop open the artery at the site of the blockage. Unlike a metallic stent, which remains in the body for a lifetime, the new device gets dissolved in due course – once the artery becomes normal. A metallic stent, being a foreign body, would can cause side effects sometimes. To overcome that patients have to be on lifetime medication, which in turn can cause gastro-intestinal bleeding and stroke. There would be no such side effects with the new device as it would get dissolved in the body after a year.
Experts list three major advantages of the absorbable scaffolding. There is no question of stent thrombosis (clotting) because the scaffolding dissolves. The biggest advantage is that patients will not need to take two anti-platelet (blood-thinning) medicines for years on end. Cardiac patients across India now have a new option while seeking treatment for their hearts. They can ask for a bio-absorbable stent, which will completely disappear some 18-odd months after it’s fixed in their blocked blood vessel. At present, metallic stents that permanently stay in the blood vessel are the most-sought-after treatment for cardiac diseases.Refer a Patient
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