Whipple Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer
Indications for a Whipple Procedure
Indications for a Whipple ProcedureA Whipple Operation is Performed For :
- cancer of the head of the pancreaas
- cancer of the duodenum.
- cholangiocarcinoma (cancer of the the bottom end of the bile).
- cancer of the ampulla – an area where the bile and pancreatic duct enter into the duodenum.
- whipple operation may also sometimes be performed for patients with benign (non-cancerous) disorders such as chronic pancreatitis and benign tumors of the head of the pancreas.Request a Call Back
Types of Pancreatic CancerThere are two types of pancreatic cancer, that of the exocrine gland and that of the endocrine gland. About 95 percent of pancreatic cancers begin in the exocrine (enzyme-producing) cells of the pancreas.
- Exocrine Tumors: Most tumors affecting the exocrine gland are called adenocarcinomas. This type of cancer forms in the pancreas ducts. Treatment for these tumors is based on stage of growth.
- Endocrine Tumors : These tumors are less common and are most often benign. Though rare, cancer stemming from a pancreatic endocrine tumor (PET) affects the hormone-producing cells. These tumors are also called islet cell tumors or neurendocrine tumors.Request a Call Back
Categorization of Wipple Procedures
Laparoscopic Whipple ProcedureA laparoscopic Whipple procedure may be offered to select individuals. The laparoscopic Whipple procedure is performed through six small incisions in the abdominal wall. A laparoscope, a long thin tube with a lighted camera at its tip, is inserted through one incision. The surgeon operates using specially designed surgical instruments placed through the remaining incisions, guided by the laparoscope images shown on a monitor in the operating room. Laparoscopic Whipple surgery usually takes four to five hours. Most people leave the hospital in four to six days, compared with eight to 10 days for those who have conventional surgery. Post a Query
Effect of Whipple Operation on DiabetesDuring the Whipple operation part of the pancreas, the head of the pancreas is removed. Pancreatic tissue produces insulin that is required for blood sugar control. When pancreatic tissue is removed the remaining parts of the pancreas may not produce enough insulin and the risk of developing diabetes is present.
Follow up Care Required as It is a Highly Specialized ProcedureThe Whipple procedure is a difficult and demanding operation for both the person undergoing surgery and the surgeon. The surgery usually lasts between 5-8 hours. The patient needs to stay in the hospital for at least seven days. The patient might have a decreased appetite after the operation. The body will not be able to digest fats as effectively, so one needs to take medication every time he eats. Another common problem patients experience after surgery is fatigue, which usually lasts for few weeks. Whipple surgery is a complex surgery that requires great expertise on the part of the surgeon and hence is categorized as a highly specialized procedure.Refer a Patient
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