What You Need to Know about Kidney Disease

The kidney is a complicated and amazing organ that performs numerous essential biological roles. The main job of your kidneys is to remove toxins and excess water from the blood. Kidneys also help to control BP, produce red blood cells and keep our bones healthy.

Roughly the size of your fist, a kidney is located deep in the abdomen, beneath the rib cage. Kidneys control blood stream levels of many minerals and molecules, including sodium and potassium, and help control blood acidity. Every day your kidneys carefully control the salt and water in your body so that your BP remains the same.

What can you do for your kidneys?

  • Keep fit and active
  • Keep regular control of your blood sugar level
  • Monitor your blood pressure
  • Eat healthy and keep your weight in check
  • Maintain a healthy fluid intake

The prevalence of kidney disease is increasing dramatically and the cost of treating this growin epidemic represents an enormous burden on healthcare systems  worldwide.Between 8 and 10 per cent of the adult population has some form of kidney damage, and every year millions die prematurely of complications related to chronic kidney diseases (CKD). In both developed and developing countries, diabetes,hypertension and heart disease are the most common causes of CKD, especially in the aging populations. The first consequence of undetected CKD is the risk of developing progressive loss of kidney function, eventually leading to kidney failure and thus the need for dialysis or a kidney transplant. The second consequence is the high risk of premature death from associated cardiovascular disease.

Kidney disease can be detected early. Simple laboratory tests are done on small samples of blood (to measure creatinine content and estimate GFR) and on urine (to measure creatinine and albumin excretion). The majority of individuals with early stages of CKD go undiagnosed because there are few symptoms. The early detection of failing kidney function is crucial because it offers a window to start treatment before end-stage kidney damage or cardiovascular problems occur.

In case of kidney failure the final treatment option is a live related kidney transplant. To know more about kidney transplant surgery please check out this page

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