Minimal Invasive treatments for enlarged prostate at hospitals in India offer much better outcomes and quick recovery
Throughout a man’s life, his prostate may grow and start to cause problems as he ages. For many years, a prostatectomy was the only treatment for this very common problem. Although effective, such major surgery requires patients to spend significant time in the hospital and at home in recovery.
It also is associated with more side effects. Fortunately, today’s technological advances now provide urologists with an array of minimally invasive techniques to treat BPH. What are some of these new treatments available? The following should help answer that question as well as others.
What is the prostate?
The prostate, a part of the male reproductive system, is about the same size and shape as a walnut and weighs about an ounce. It is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum and surrounds the urethra, the tube-like structure that carries urine from the bladder out through the penis. The main function of the prostate is to produce ejaculatory fluid.
What is BPH?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), previously referred to as prostatism, is a common urological condition caused by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in aging men.
What are some of the risk factors for BPH?
Risk factors for developing BPH include increasing age and a family history of BPH.
What are some of the symptoms associated with BPH?
Since the prostate surrounds the urethra just below the bladder, its enlargement can result in symptoms that irritate or obstruct the bladder. A common symptom is the need to frequently empty the bladder, especially at night. Other symptoms include difficulty in starting the urine flow or dribbling after urination ends. Also, size and strength of the urine stream may decrease.
How is BPH diagnosed?
There are a number of diagnostic test procedures that can be used to confirm BPH. The tests vary from patient to patient, but the following are the most common: digital rectal examination (DRE), PSA test, transrectal ultrasound, urine flow study, bladder scan for residual urine, and cystoscopy.
What are some of the treatments available for BPH?
Watchful waiting: Is recommended as an important option for men who have mild symptoms and do not find them particularly bothersome. It is the least invasive treatment and avoids the risks, inconvenience and costs of medical and surgical treatments. In some men, symptoms improve over time as long as there are no high-risk symptoms like urinary retention, recurrent urinary tract infection, recurrent blood in the urine, bladder stones, kidney failure or bladder diverticula.
Medical therapy: Today’s most common method for controlling moderate symptoms of BPH. Several medications are available to control moderate symptoms of BPH.
Alpha blockers: These drugs, originally used to treat high blood pressure, work by relaxing the smooth muscle of the prostate and bladder neck to improve urine flow and reduce bladder outlet obstruction. Although alpha blockers may relieve the symptoms of BPH, they do not reduce the size of the prostate. They are taken orally, once or twice a day and work almost immediately. Commonly prescribed alpha blockers include: alfuzosin, terazosin, doxazosin and tamsulosin. Side effects can include headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue and difficulty breathing.
5-Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors: There are two medications available in this class, dutasteride and finasteride that work completely different than alpha blockers. In some men, dutasteride or finasteride can relieve BPH symptoms, increase urinary flow rate and actually shrink the prostate.