Varicose veins, also known as Spider veins have a bluish-purple or red coloroccur when veins in the legs become enlarged and overfilled with blood. Varicose veins are often painful with swelling, heaviness, and aches in the legs.
Varicose veins occur when your vein isn’t functioning properly. Veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards. When these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the vein rather than continuing toward your heart. Varicose veins often affect the legs because they are the farthest from the heart and gravity makes it harder for the blood to flow upward. Some potential causes for varicose veins include chronic heart valve conditions, menopause, standing for long periods of time, pressure on the midsection of the body, especially the abdomen, obesity, which adds weight to the body and increases the pressure on the legs.
Varicose veins are a type of venous disorder that causes abnormalities in the veins, especially on the legs and feet. Though the cause may vary from person to person, the condition leads to swelling or enlarged veins that may be painful or itchy and can eventually lead to bleeding and (non healing) ulcers.
This is done by general examination and Ultrasound Doppler study which can show the exact site of disease in the form of damaged valves & dilatation of veins. Till now various treatment options available for varicose veins were elevating the legs while lying down or sitting, bending legs occasionally when standing for a long period of time, Compression Stockings, Sclerotherapy for short segment disease. Vein Stripping Surgery is a major surgery where the recurrence rate is too high,cause ugly scar in legs and 2-3 weeks needed for recovery.
Endovenous Laser Treatment involves the where a fine laser probe is passed inside a vein. This heats the vein and causes it to close up. A fine ELVeS laser fiber is inserted into an introducer sheath and is progressed towards the sapheno-femoral junction. The positioning is confirmed by ultrasound and near infrared laser energy is delivered in short pulses. This causes thermal contraction of the vein wall and application of tumescent local anaesthesia protects the surrounding structures from damage.
The laser treatment is performed along the entire vessel length and the laser energy leads to a complete occlusion of the vein.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) the latest and most effective, patient friendly and non-surgical treatment for Varicose veins using Multipolar RFA machine. Under color-doppler Ultrasound vision, a radiofrequency catheter is inserted into the abnormal vein and the vessel treated with radio-energy, resulting is closure of the involved vein.
The Interventional Radiologist accesses the abnormal saphenous vein percutaneoulsy through a small cannula in abnormal vein.
Ablation uses a thin, flexible tube called a catheter with tiny electrodes at the tip of the catheter, which collapses the thick varicose veins.
It is a commonly performed non-surgical treatment for varicose and “spider” leg veins in which medicine is injected into the veins to make them shrink. It is safe, proven and effective. Prior to the procedure, you will have an initial consultation to determine if yu are eligible for sclerotherapy. This includes an ultrasound of the veins to evaluate the full extent of the problem causing the spider veins. The larger vein must be treated before sclerotherapy is performed. If the vein causing the problems is not treated first, oter spider veins will appear after the sclerotherapy is complete. During,sclerotherapy, small injection of irritating solution is injected into the vein, which causes the vein to close. Two or more sessions are usually required to achieve optimal results.
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