The thyroid gland is located on the front part of the neck below the thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple). The gland produces thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolic rate . Thyroid hormones are important in regulating body energy, body temperature, body’s use of other hormones and vitamins, and growth and maturation of body tissues.
Diseases of the thyroid gland like nodules or goitre can result in either production of too much, too little thyroid hormone. Thyroid problems are much more common in women than in men.
Disorders of Thyroid
- Hypothyroidism: This disorder attacks women more than men. Hypothyroidism results from under-active thyroid gland which results in less production of thyroid hormones that leads to lots of weight gain, hypertension and other problems. This is a very common disease which occurs in many children and aged people.
- Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism results from over active the thyroid glands which result in increased production of thyroid hormones which leads to over stimulation (weight loss, tension, anxiety and others).
- Postpartum Thyroiditis : After giving birth to a baby, a female’s thyroid glands may swell and turn larger in size. This type growth of glands to a very large extent is due to Postpartum Thyroiditis.
- Thyroid Cancer : Thyroid cancer is also of many types. This is due to the lump. Once you are affected by thyroid cancer, surgery is the only option.
A thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. Surgeons often perform a thyroidectomy when a patient has thyroid cancer or some other condition of the thyroid gland (such as thyroid nodules, thyroid enlargement (goitre) or hyperthyroidism). It produces hormones that regulate metabolism.