Fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) tumors that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus (womb). They are also known as uterine fibroids, myomas, or fibromyomas. The singular of uterine fibroids is Uterine Fibroma. Fibroids are growths of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue. Fibroids can vary in size, from that of a bean to as large as a melon. Fibroids affect at least 20% of all women at sometime during their life. Women aged between 30 and 50 are the most likely to develop fibroids. Overweight and obese women are at significantly higher risk of developing fibroids, compared to women of normal weight. Malignant (cancerous) growths on the smooth muscles inside the womb can develop, called leiomyosarcoma of the womb. However, this is extremely rare.
There are four types of fibroids
- Intramural – These are located in the wall of the uterus. These are the most common types of fibroids.
- Subserosal fibroids -These are located outside the wall of the uterus. They can develop into pedunculated fibroids (stalks). Subserosal fibroids can become quite large.
- Submucosal fibroids -These are located in the muscle beneath the lining of the uterus wall.
- Cervical fibroids-These are located in the neck of the womb (the cervix).
Symptoms of fibroids may include:
- Heavy Vaginal Bleeding — Excessively heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding is a common symptom. Women describe soaking through sanitary protection in less than an hour, passing blood clots and being unable to leave the house during the heaviest day of flow. As a result, some women develop anemia, also known as a low blood count.
- Pelvic Discomfort — Women with large fibroids may feel heaviness or pressure in their lower abdomen or pelvis. Often this is described as a vague discomfort rather than a sharp pain.
- Pelvic Pain — A less common symptom is acute, severe pain. This occurs when a fibroid goes through a process called degeneration. Usually, the pain is localized to a specific spot and improves on its own within two to four weeks.
- Bladder Problems — The most common bladder symptom is needing to urinate frequently. A woman may wake up several times during the night to empty her bladder.
- Low Back Pain — Rarely, fibroids press against the muscles and nerves of the lower back and cause back pain. A large fibroid on the back surface of the uterus is more likely to cause back pain than a small fibroid within the uterine wall.
- Discomfort or Pain With Sexual Intercourse — Fibroids can make sexual intercourse painful or uncomfortable.Discomfort during intercourse is a significant issue.
Fibroids Treatment in India – No Surgery & Quick Recovery
Without any needs surgical treatments like Hysterectomy and Myomectomy. Uterine Artery Embolization Non-Surgical Treatments for Fibroids , Adenomyosis & Endometriosis
10 Great Advantages of Uterine Artery Embolization for Fibroids
|1. It is performed under Local anaesthesia. Not General anaesthesia.
2. Requires only a tiny nick in the skin (No surgical incision of abdomen).
3. Recovery is shorter than from hysterectomy or open myomectomy.
4. Within 3 days patient can attend the job.
5. Virtually no adhesion formation has been found. But in surgery adhesions are common.
6. All fibroids are treated at once, which is not the case with myomectomy.
7. There has been no observed recurrent growth of treated fibroids in the past 9 years.
8. Uterine fibroid embolization involves virtually no blood loss or risk of blood transfusion.
9. Many women resume light activities in a few days and the majority of women are able to return to normal activities (including exercise) within a week. If the presenting complaint was excess vaginal bleeding, 87-90% of cases experience resolution within 24hours.
10. Emotionally, financially and physically benign procedure -embolization can have an overall advantage over other procedures as the uterus is not removed.