Stomach cancer is cancer that occurs in the stomach — the muscular sac located in the upper middle of your abdomen, just below your ribs. Your stomach receives and holds the food you eat and then helps to break down and digest it.
Another term for stomach cancer is gastric cancer. These two terms most often refer to stomach cancer that begins in the mucus-producing cells on the inside lining of the stomach (adenocarcinoma). Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of stomach cancer.
The Symptoms of Stomach Cancer are:
- Discomfort in the upper or middle part of the abdomen.
- Blood in the stool (which appears as black, tarry stools).
- Vomiting which may have blood in it.
- Weight loss.
- Pain or bloating in the stomach after eating.
Types of Stomach Cancer
- Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach
- Squamous Cell Cancers
- Lymphoma of the Stomach
- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour (GIST)
- Neuroendocrine Tumours
Treatment of Stomach Cancer at World Class Hospitals in India
Surgery : The goal of surgery is to remove all of the stomach cancer and a margin of healthy tissue, when possible. Options include:
Removing a Portion of the Stomach (Subtotal Gastrectomy). During subtotal Gastrectomy, the surgeon removes only the portion of the stomach affected by cancer. Subtotal gastrectomy can be of two types.
- Distal subtotal gastrectomy is performed if the tumor cells are present in the lower part of the stomach near to the stomach duodenum junction.
- Proximal subtotal gastrectomy is done when the tumor is situated in the upper part of the stomach and also involves the esophagus.
Removing the Entire Stomach (Total Gastrectomy). Total Gastrectomy involves removing the entire stomach and some surrounding tissue. The esophagus is then connected directly to the small intestine to allow food to move through your digestive system.
Removing Lymph nodes to look for Cancer. The surgeon examines and removes lymph nodes in your abdomen to look for cancer cells.
Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Stomach Cancer at World Class Hospitals in India
Keyhole surgery is also called minimal access surgery or laparoscopic surgery.It means having an operation without needing a major incision (wound site). The surgeon uses an instrument that is a bit like a bendy telescope (laparoscope).
The laparoscope is connected to a fibre optic camera that shows pictures of the inside of the body on a video screen. The laparoscope also has small instruments that fit down the tube. The surgeon can manipulate these and watch what they are doing on the screen. Normally, the surgeon has to use more than one entry site and you have a few small wounds, each an inch or so long. It is possible for an experienced surgeon to remove the whole of your stomach, or part of it, using laparoscopic surgery.
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